Green and Blue a world of difference to IguanasFeb 14th, 2006 | By admin | Category: Blues in the Local Press
Cayman Net News Online
Tuesday, February 14, 2006
Common Iguanas now abundant on Grand Cayman, particularly in West Bay, have led the community to believe there are many Blue iguanas roaming the Island.
With this frequent case of mistaken identity the National Trust said that we should revisit the differences between our endangered Blue Iguana which is almost never seen outside protected areas, and the frequently sighted Green Iguana in order to help ensure that everyone is well aware of which is which and can help in the conservation fight to save the severely endangered indigenous Blue iguana.
Iguanas (Iguana iguana), also known as Green Iguanas, have escaped from the domestic pet trade on Grand Cayman, and are breeding in the wild throughout the western districts of the island.
They are native to Central and South America, where they evolved in the presence of many predators. Common Iguanas therefore have instinctive strategies to avoid being eaten by cats and dogs, and they are thriving in suburban areas where Blue Iguanas would not stand a chance.
According to the National Trust the two species are very different, and cannot breed together. They don�t even speak the same �language� � For example when a Blue Iguana threatens a Common Iguana by head-bobbing, the Common Iguana does not understand. Size for size, the Blue Iguana is actually much stronger and much more aggressive
To tell them apart, you need to observe certain characteristics:.
The Common Iguana has spines on the dewlap (the skin flap under the chin), The Blues never have spines here.
Common Iguanas have a very long, whip-like tail, with vivid black bands. Blues have a thicker tail, without obvious bands.
Common Iguanas have a large circular scale, like a shield, on the cheek beneath the ear. Blues have their cheeks covered with cone-shaped, pointed scales when they are old, and never have a large circular one.
The Blue Iguana is one of the West Indian Rock Iguanas, which are all classified in the genus Cyclura. Uniquely different species of Cyclura are found from the Virgin Islands through the Greater Antilles to the Bahamas.
The most ancient Rock Iguana is Cyclura pinguis, which survives on Anegada. Like the Blue Iguana, it is now critically endangered.
It was the ancestor to this iguana which dispersed first from the Puerto Rico bank to Hispaniola, then onwards to the north and western islands, which has since diversified on different islands into 9 species and several additional subspecies.
The Blue Iguana evolved more recently from ancestors of its nearest relative, the Cuban Iguana (Cyclura nubila).
Cuban Iguana ancestors also made the crossing to Little Cayman and Cayman Brac, where they evolved into a unique subspecies, Cyclura nubila caymanensis, and to the southern Bahamas where they evolved into a new species, Cyclura cychlura.
The Blue Iguana was long thought to be another subspecies of the Cuban Iguana, and but recent genetic evidence has led to a revision, and the Blue Iguana is now considered a unique species, Cyclura lewisi. If Cyclura lewisi and Cyclura nubila caymanensis are artificially brought into contact, they can still breed and produce fertile offspring. Naturally, they have always been separated by at least 67 miles of open ocean.
For more information or if anyone would like to contribute to the Blue Iguana Recovery Program, please visit www.blueiguana.ky or call the National Trust for the Cayman Islands at 949-0121.